Bitcoin Letter to a Politician 2023

I try to occasionally share my thoughts with politicians that represent me. Who knows how much they take heed of what we say? We all have our own pet projects that interest us and perhaps these don’t interest our politicians. I also try to share my thoughts with others through this blog and in person, in hopes that it will influence them to also come around to my way of thinking. That all being said, below is an email I recently sent to an Iowa state representative about Bitcoin. The history is this person is a Democrat. We have had a couple previous emails about Bitcoin and they were concerned about the environmental impacts of Bitcoin.

Dear Representative – 

Quick thoughts for the night. I really hope you will continue to learn about bitcoin. It is a  very important tool for protecting individuals’ wealth in the future. It is also helping people in developing countries today.

Perhaps you’ve seen this article sent to the US Congress by Human Rights leaders asking them to learn about how bitcoin is helping the poorest in the world.

The next article and video are complimentary. 

Bitcoin helps people in developing countries. 

The other point about bitcoin mining specifically is it helps reduce emissions.  It does not add emissions.  It uses the cheapest waste power. Most miners have load sharing agreements to turn off when excess power is needed. This is good for grid stability and for emissions reduction. 

There is a bitcoin mining company in town partnering with Cedar Falls Utilities. I urge you to talk to both CFU and the miner about their agreement.

Bitcoin mining reduces Emissions

Bitcoin mining is also able to help subsidize grid build out in developing nations.

Finally,  the US military paid for Jason Lowery to attend MIT for 2 years to learn about bitcoin and its national security implications.  He released his thesis on this and I have read it and you can too.

Softwar: A Novel Theory on Power Projection and the National Strategic Significance of Bitcoin – By Jason Lowery

Please consider the points I have presented here.

Of note,  I voted for Joe Biden in 2020 as we could not have another Trump.  I have already decided I will not be voting for Biden again as he has proposed a 30% tax on bitcoin mining.  This shows me he has no understanding of bitcoin. Or he knows it’s threatening to the USD and the government is fighting tooth and nail to ban it. Either way, I prefer freedom.  I do not like the government devaluing my money every day with the $1T +deficit. I didn’t like it under, George Bush,  under Obama, under Trump or under bBiden. 

Please watch this very short video on this (30 seconds).

I hope others will consider writing to their local politicians to inform them of the good that Bitcoin does. They also need to know that they will not be getting votes if they are against something we are for. This applies to everything. It would be good for more people to write their politicians on all topics. Let this be an inspiration to you. If you want you could even copy this one and send it to your local politician.

Nobody Wants to Buy Bitcoin… Yet

I have tried bringing up bitcoin to quite a few people over the last year (2022) and haven’t had much interest. I have finally realized that 99.9% of people won’t have any interest in Bitcoin until the price starts going up dramatically, perhaps around $100k people will start being interested again. I have decided that is fine. I am going to write this for people whenever they start becoming interested and wonder “How do I buy bitcoin?”

If you have recently seen Bitcoins price rise from $30,000 to $100,000 or more and are now having FOMO (fear of missing out) and you need to buy bitcoin NOW! Here is what you should do.

Go to the google play store (or apple store) on your phone and download “Cash App”. 

Link your bank account. 

Click “Buy bitcoin”. 

Boom, you now own some bitcoin!

I recommend Cash App because they are a Bitcoin only company. There are many copies of Bitcoin like Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Bitcoin Satoshi Vision (BSV) and many others. Don’t be fooled. Only buy Bitcoin (BTC ticker symbol). Since Cash App only sells Bitcoin (BTC) this is not a problem. That is why I recommend Cash App for starting.

Now you can start learning about bitcoin. Luckily Cashapp also has news articles about bitcoin linked in it’s app so you can read there.

You can also follow Michael Saylor on Twitter. He has a lot of great information about bitcoin.

Now, owning bitcoin and holding it on the Cash App app isn’t the safest way to hold bitcoin. While Cashapp is relatively safe, there is still risk that Cashapp goes under. 

An option now is to download Muun Wallet, also from the google play store. You can then transfer your bitcoin from Cashapp to Muun, if you want. You don’t have to do this. You can keep your money on Cash App. It’s like keeping money at a bank. Using Muun wallet is like keeping cash in a safe at your home. 

Continue to learn more about Bitcoin through various articles.
Don’t panic sell your Bitcoin if the price goes down from $100k to $50k or even $30k again! This is the nature of bitcoin, it is volatile.

Don’t FOMO into thousands and thousands of dollars of Bitcoin unless you are ready to temporarily lose 50% or more.

Don’t invest any more into Bitcoin than you are willing to lose. While I think it will be fine, it’s always possible something wild could happen and it could go to $0 (I doubt this but keeping all possibilities open). 

Welcome to Bitcoin!

Oh, and you can always contact me with Bitcoin questions!

Rome, FED, Debasement

I recently stumbled upon this picture. 

Through 1964 American quarters and dimes were made of 90% silver. Starting in 1965 the inner core is pure copper and the outer covering is copper mixed with nickel. I was discussing this with some friends so I decided to look up some history I recalled about Rome’s debasement of their currency. The first link I found was the below comment and this link to a FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF ST. LOUIS work book for kids grade 8-12.  

“Commodus (AD 177–AD 192) debased the Roman denarius to about 70 percent silver. Septimius Severus (AD 193–AD 211) debased the Roman denarius to about 50 percent silver. With the added currency, the government could pay for more soldiers and pay existing soldiers more.”

What is incredible is that the Romans “slowly” debased their currency by recalling the money, melting it down and reissuing with a lower percentage of silver. The US government did it quickly by going from 90% to 0% in 1 year! Subsequent dollars were created by adding numbers in the Fed ledger with nothing backing the new money!

Fort Knox holds about 4,580 metric tons of gold which is worth about $250 billion dollars. The US government budget was $6.27 trillion in 2022.

The Government budget deficit in 2022 was $1.38 trillion in 2022.

“A Cantillon effect is a change in relative prices resulting from a change in money supply.” –SWFI

Be Close to the President and Congress

Cantillon also had a theory in which the beneficiaries of the state creating the currency is based on the institutional setup of that state. This essentially means, “he who was close to the king and the wealthy”, likely benefited from the distributional choices of currency through the system. –SWFI

Realizing that the government is constantly creating new money and decreasing the purchasing power of the money you hold in your bank account, what is the average person to do?

See my other posts for a potential answer.

Maintain Purchasing Power

Bitcoin Intrinsic Value

Maintain Purchasing Power

I’ve had more conversations in 2022 and 2023 about “maintaining purchasing power” or “keeping my money from losing value” than ever before in my life, from people who’ve never asked questions like that before. I have to assume it’s because inflation has been between 5%-9% for the past 18 months in the USA, much much higher than the 0%-2% we’ve seen for the previous 10 years and longer. 

The answers people are coming up with are the typical ones. I-bonds, which pay interest linked to inflation. A problem with them is you can only put $10,000/year per person into I-bonds. 

The next likely targets are either treasury bills or high yield savings accounts. As of today a 180 day treasury bill is paying 4.5%. My personal high yield savings account is paying 4.1%. It’s not worth the extra hassle of buying treasury bills for me personally to get an extra 0.4% yield, but for some people it is. The problem is, with a 6.4% inflation rate over the last 6 months, you are still losing 2% of your purchasing power to inflation, which admittedly is the historic amount people have decided they are “OK” with losing, since the FED inflation target is 2%.

Many people buy real estate and get income from renters each month. Obviously not everyone wants to buy real estate or be a landlord. I have tried it. I am in the process of getting out of it. It wasn’t for me either! 

Many people buy stocks as the classic inflation hedge. As we saw last year, stocks can also go down 20% or more in a year. But over long time frames they seem to be the best we have. 

Gold is one of the best inflation hedges, over time. I have actually personally considered gold (and to a lesser extent silver) an interesting inflation hedge lately. Like all investing and savings, you need to evaluate the risks and rewards and determine what the right percentage is for each investment relative to your net worth and goals. For me 1% of net worth in gold and silver seems like a safe investment. I wouldn’t say anyone should be 50% or 100% into gold! 

While a lot of these are ways to try to fight inflation there is another new way that might also work. Bitcoin. To me, it seems like a good inflation hedge, in the long term. I can see why many people are hesitant to get into it though. From a high of $69,000 in 2021 it fell all the way down to $15,000 earlier in 2023. It is back up to the low $23,000’s. But for people who just compare to the peak of $69,000 that’s still a long way down. But what people need to remember is, for most any investment, you don’t put every bit of your money in at the peak, usually! I bought some bitcoin for as low as $5,000 in 2018. I bought through the peak and the highest I paid for some bitcoin was $65,000, almost the peak! But that was only maybe $100 worth. I continued buying as it fell all through 2022 and even into the start of 2023. From June-Dec 2022 I bought for less than $20,000 per BTC. So now all that bitcoin is sitting in a profit. While my overall cost basis is about $28,000 and the value is sitting at $23,000, so I am down about 21%. But that is a lot less than the 66% you’d be down if you had bought every coin at the peak of 66%. I think that’s an important lesson for people to learn is that while there are volatile assets, if the asset makes sense, you should still consider allocating a percentage of your net worth towards it. I personally think people should consider 1% of Bitcoin a safe allocation. If you have $50,000 worth of assets that’s only $500. If you lose $500 will you be ruined? Probably not. As with every investment, you should only buy what you plan to keep for 10 years. You also shouldn’t sell when it goes down 50%. In fact you should expect it to go down 50%, whether it’s Bitcoin or stocks.Overall we need to better understand volatility. I believe as more people continue to add their wealth to Bitcoin, $10 at a time, its volatility will reduce and its value will continue to go up. This has already happened over many cycles. As you can see in the bitcoin rainbow chart below. It’s a simple chart tracking the highs and lows of bitcoin. 

The Bitcoin Rainbow Chart

The best time to get into something is when fewer people are talking about it. A lot of people bought into bitcoin at the peak in 2021 when it was $69,000. That is the exact wrong time to learn about it and buy in because of fear! The best time to buy bitcoin, or anything, is when you have time to buy it and the price isn’t rising dramatically everyday and you get huge FOMO!

In 2017 I bought $100 worth of Bitcoin “just to learn about it”. It took me years to finally get around to learning more about it, as well as the price drastically rising to $40k, to pique my interest. I want to help others learn about it in a calmer state. Learning when it’s at a lower price also gives people a lower cost basis so there is a lot more room to go up! As more people pile into Bitcoin, and adoption is continuing, it will rise. Don’t buy in when the price rises from $40k to $60k in a month. You are already missing out at that point. If you do buy then, don’t be surprised when it falls back to $40k and you are out 50%. You’ve learned the wrong lesson. Start learning now while the price is low. Ask me anything! Start small and slow $50! $10! Good luck!

Bitcoin Blocks and Fees

Bitcoin at it’s simplest is a ledger keeping track of transactions. On average every 10 minutes a new “block” of transactions is validated. Using this link you can watch as transactions are added to the next block. I think it’s truly mesmerizing. I think it needs to be made into an easy to watch app or screen saver (hint to someone). It is essentially watching each bitcoin block be organized. Transactions are added to the block and finally confirmed.

There is a lot of interesting data in each bitcoin block. 

Bitcoin miners validate a new block on average ever 10 minutes. Each block confirms the transactions that have happened in that time. Money sent from person X to person Y. 

You can also learn how much is paid in block rewards (currently 6.25 BTC every block) and in block fees. 

It does cost money to send your bitcoin from your wallet to someone else. You might think that’s bad since you can send money via your bank account to people now and “not pay a fee”.

But that is where you are wrong. Banks have tons of fees, from monthly fees to the “fee” of paying you 0% interest. 

Every time you swipe a credit card you are paying approximately a 3% fee. The price is just baked into the price of whatever you are buying as sellers assume you will be using a credit card at this point. 

Here’s all the data from a specific completed block. 

Block 767418

A total of 12,419.79 BTC ($222,022,574) were sent in the block with the average transaction being 4.4515 BTC ($79,577.28). ViaBTC (the miner who solved the block) earned a total reward of 6.25 BTC $111,728. The reward consisted of a base reward of 6.25 BTC $111,728 with an additional 0.1489 BTC ($2,661.81) reward paid as fees of the 2,790 transactions which were included in the block.

6.3989/12,419.79 = 0.000515 *100 = 0.05% of the value of the money sent was used to pay fees. 

As you can see the total of 12419.79 BTC were sent during that 10 minutes worth $222 million dollars. Users were charged 0.1489 BTC which comes out to a 0.0012%! That is insanely low.

If you were paying that percentage to send $100 it would be $0.001 dollars. 1/10 of 1 penny!

If you compare this to a credit card transaction at 3% that would cost you $3 vs $0.001 for a transaction. Imagine if everything we did got 3% cheaper overnight? Why haven’t more sellers adopted BTC?

1 Million Bitcoin HODLers. That’s all?

I saw this tweet by StrictlyBTC the other day and it’s really bothering me! For those who don’t know, there are only 21 million Bitcoins that can ever be created.

About 19 million have been created (mined) already and that leaves 2 million left to mine.  

About 4 million have been lost. By my  math that leaves (19-4)= 15 million bitcoin up for grabs today. There are an estimated 100 million people who have used Bitcoin thus far.  A recent estimate has shown that about 1 million Bitcoin addresses are  holding 1 BTC.

Now it is very easy for any person to have more than 1 wallet. So the number of people who actually own 1 Bitcoin might be higher or lower. It’s possible there are many people who have 2 wallets and 0.5 BTC in each so they will own 1 BTC. It’s also possible (and likely) that many of the 1 BTC and over wallets are held by the same person. So 2 of the 1 BTC wallets might be owned by 1 person. To keep it simple I am going to continue to estimate that there are 1 million people who hold 1 BTC.

There are 47 million millionaires in the world. There aren’t enough Bitcoins for each US dollar millionaire to own even 1 BTC!

Many of these millionaires are older people, since on average, you accumulate wealth as you age which probably makes it less likely for them to accumulate bitcoin as they don’t understand it or don’t see value in it. 

The current price of bitcoin is $17,000/coin. This is down significantly from its previous peak of $69k. If each millionaire was to purchase 1 bitcoin that would be 1.7% of their wealth, for the people who are “merely” $1 millionaires, and if they were to just hold it, as more people would continue to purchase bitcoin that would drive the price up significantly.
Many people would argue that this is possible with any asset, which is partially true. But the main difference between Bitcoin and any other asset is it’s ability to be purchased by anyone in the world at any time, essentially, it’s liquidity. 

“They aren’t making any more land” is a commonly heard phrase. Which is not exactly true for many reasons. 

The Dutch reclaim land from the ocean regularly.

The United Arab Emirates hired the Dutch to build some new land.

Unproductive land is regularly turned into productive land. 

Land has another issue, you usually only buy land locally.

Most other assets have similar issues, or unique issues to each asset, that make them difficult to buy.
There are only ever 21 million Bitcoin and they are the ultimate liquid asset.

For these reasons it is just blowing my mind that Bitcoin has continued to drop in price.

Historically, Bitcoin has gained interest from people, myself included, as its price runs up. When the price is going down, no one cares. I fell victim to this in 2017 when it ran up to $17k and then lost value from 2018-2020. I didn’t pay attention and missed out buying in the $3,000-$5,000 range. 

I started reading a LOT more the next time it ran up in 2021 to $69k. As it’s continued into the current crypto winter I have tried to avoid the mistake I made in the last “crypto winter”. I have continued to accumulate. I have been “Orange Pilled”. 

Since I’ve read so much I also fell victim to the thinking that everyone else was learning the same stuff I was. Seeing that there are only ~ 1 million people holding 1 BTC I see I am still very early. Bitcoin is early. 

But it is legal tender in El Salvador and CAR. 

It is gaining more users every day. 

Hashing power is rising.

There are more Bitcoin conferences every day.

I am very curious to see how Bitcoin adoption continues over the next years!
If you want to learn more about Bitcoin you can contact me via email or comment below!

Bitcoin For Beginners

I have been looking for a great video/podcast to share with people who are newer to bitcoin. I believe I have found one that, while long, is very good! 

 BTC001: Bitcoin Common Misconceptions w/ Robert Breedlove

I don’t have much to comment about for the start of the video. It is just a very informative video and I recommend you listen.

There are 2 time stamps I wanted to highlight towards the end of the video where Robert Breedlove is discussing challenges, risks or arguments against bitcoin.

The first one starts at ~1:39:01. Here he is discussing a common argument against bitcoin that it has “no intrinsic value”. An article from Bitcoin Magazine – DOES BITCOIN HAVE INTRINSIC VALUE -( discusses the thought of if anything has intrinsic value, it doesn’t. Value is only defined when some outside entity is able to use any resource. For example, an ocean world would not have intrinsic value to humans as we are land dwelling, but it would have more value to fish. 

Robert Breedlove makes a distinction between intrinsic value vs. industrial value. When many people make the argument that Bitcoin has no intrinsic value they are comparing it against gold, which has an industrial value in that it can be used in many production processes or to make many useful things. It also has value as art or jewelry. Gold actually has no intrinsic value since as noted before, nothing has intrinsic value. Approximately half of new yearly gold mined is used for jewelry and industrial use and half is used for store of value or “monetary premium” by individuals or central banks. This is in comparison to bitcoin which as people have noted, has no industrial use, it ONLY has monetary premium. The benefit of bitcoin’s preservation of value vs say US dollars is that bitcoin has a capped supply of 21 million coins. Once you buy some bitcoin, you are sure of how much you own relative to the total pie. With USD or any other fiat currency (government issued currency) you don’t know how much more will be issued and will erode your value via inflation. 

The other good discussion comes at 2:00. The free market of history had chosen Gold as the benchmark for measuring value. This is because it was the “hardest” money. It had the least inflation. Gold’s inflation was relative to how much gold was mined each year, which is ~2%/year relative to the current total world gold supply. When you take the inverse of that and compare  the “stock” total existing gold (in tons) divided by the new production each year (flow) you get a number, for example 100 tons existing/2 tons new production = 50 stock to flow number (S2F). 

The “flow” of new material creation compared to the existing “stock”. Commodities like oil and corn have very high flows relative to the current stock which produces a small stock to flow number. Learn more about Stock to flow here

There is not a lot of existing corn or oil carryover each year, relative to the new production. Because of this these things usually have relatively cheap prices since there is so much new creation. Things that have low flows relative to the existing stock have higher values as it’s harder to get the new stuff. In the past gold and silver have both been used as money. But gold eventually won out as the “harder” money to produce. There is more silver produced relative to the current stock of world wide silver, compared to gold. 

Silver has a stock to flow number of 22.

 Gold and bitcoin both have stock to flow numbers of approximately 50-60. But in 2024 (during the next bitcoin halving) bitcoin’s stock to flow number will increase to 120. This is because the issuance of new bitcoin will decrease in half.
This stock to flow of 120 will be the highest Stock to flow number of any asset ever, and it’s only going higher as the issuance of new bitcoin continues to be cut in half every 4 years, due to the technical nature of bitcoin. To learn more about the halving read here

Coming back to the conversation, in the past the world wide free market had selected gold as the preferred store of value due to its “hard” nature and high stock to flow number. With bitcoin having a higher stock to flow going forward, along with all the other benefits it has over gold doesn’t it make sense for bitcoin to be the preferred store of value?

I leave you with a final very short 2 minute video related to discussing what is money and value? Money is best thought of as a tool to compare the value of different things or services. You can measure the value of a house, and apple and a massage in the same currency and compare their value. If the money is inflating then the price becomes confusing for measuring things. It’d be like if a ruler was changing as you were trying to measure a table. Inflation is not good or needed for an economy to work. 

If you want to talk about bitcoin you know where to find me!

Bitcoin Intrinsic Value

One of the main arguments I hear against bitcoin is that “it has no intrinsic value. The thing about money is that it doesn’t need to have intrinsic value. Money has to have a few things to make it “good money”.

It should be scarce. 

It should be divisible.

It should be transmissible.

It should be immutable. 

It should be difficult to counterfeit.

It should be assayable (easy to verify it is what it says it is).

Gold is good at some of these things, for example being scarce and immutable. But it is bad at others, it is not very divisible and it is not very transmissible. It’s very hard to purchase something with $1 worth of gold. It’d be a very tiny spec of gold that you’d have a hard time telling that it was really gold or just a dust flake. 

Fiat money (US dollars or other country dollars) are easier to transmit around the world (although they take a few days to settle international transactions or across borders). They are hard to counterfeit but they are easy for the US government to print more anytime they want.

I’ve collected a few articles and quotes about Bitcoin, money and intrinsic value. 


There is no such thing as “intrinsic value” in the sense of an object having objective value in and of itself. As a thought experiment, think of assets typically assumed to hold intrinsic value such as gold, farmland, stocks and real estate. Now imagine a world where no humans exist. Do these assets still have value? The answer has to be no, because value only makes sense in the context of human existence.

Because of the luxury enjoyed by Americans and citizens of many developed countries, the benefits brought about by Bitcoin may not be as obvious as they are for many people in developing nations. Inflation in the United States has been persistent, but not devastating over the past two generations, and most people haven’t had issues with their banking services being shut down.

Bitcoin Has No Intrinsic Value — and That’s Great. – Conner Brown

The Rai stones used by the Yap people are another example of a store of value without commodity use.

Bitcoin is Not Backed by Nothing -Parker Lewis

“What backs the dollar (or euro or yen, etc.) in the first place? When attempting to answer this question, the retort is most often that the dollar is backed by the government, the military (guys with guns), or taxes. However, the dollar is backed by none of these. Not the government, not the military and not taxes. Governments tax what is valuable; a good is not valuable because it is taxed. Similarly, militaries secure what is valuable, not the other way around. And a government cannot dictate the value of its currency; it can only dictate the supply of its currency.

Venezuela, Argentina, and Turkey all have governments, militaries and the authority to tax, yet the currencies of each have deteriorated significantly over the past five years. While it’s not sufficient to prove the counterfactual, each is an example that contradicts the idea that a currency derives its value as a function of government.”

Bitcoin For Everybody – Saylor Academy

I stumbled upon the Saylor Academy Professional Development course, “PRDV151: Bitcoin for Everybody”. Saylor Academy is associated with Michael Saylor, CEO of Microstrategy, which was the first public company to put Bitcoin on its balance sheet. “Saylor Academy is a nonprofit initiative working since 2008 to offer free and open online courses to all who want to learn. We offer nearly 100 full-length courses at the college and professional levels, each of which is available right now — at your pace, on your schedule, and free of cost.” Saylor Academy has free courses on a lot of things, English as a 2nd Language, Math, Politics, etc. 

While there is some overlap between Michael Saylor and his non-profit and bitcoin, in general it is just a learning website which also happens to have a Bitcoin course. Despite having read many articles about bitcoin for the past 4 years, I decided to take this course. WOW! I learned a lot. The course is free and signing up for Saylor academy is free. I am going to link a few of the articles that I found most interesting from the  courses below as well as some of the most impactful quotes that I got from each article for people who don’t want to read all the articles. Many of the articles are also available from their original sources in spoken format so that would make them easier to listen to while driving instead of taking an hour to read them.
A lot of the information is more about the history of money, how US dollars came to be the World Reserve Currency and other interesting history. Later information gets into the history of bitcoin as well as why it makes good money. I highly recommend taking this course for anyone who is skeptical about Bitcoin. 

Unit 1: Bitcoin Economics

The Bullish Case for Bitcoin -Vijay Boyapati

PoW is Efficient – Dan Held

Everything requires energy (first law of thermodynamics). Claiming that one usage of energy is more or less wasteful than another is completely subjective since all users have paid market rate to utilize that electricity.

Unit 2: Bitcoin Investment

Bitcoin is Not Backed by Nothing -Parker Lewis

“What backs the dollar (or euro or yen, etc.) in the first place? When attempting to answer this question, the retort is most often that the dollar is backed by the government, the military (guys with guns), or taxes. However, the dollar is backed by none of these. Not the government, not the military and not taxes. Governments tax what is valuable; a good is not valuable because it is taxed. Similarly, militaries secure what is valuable, not the other way around. And a government cannot dictate the value of its currency; it can only dictate the supply of its currency.

Venezuela, Argentina, and Turkey all have governments, militaries and the authority to tax, yet the currencies of each have deteriorated significantly over the past five years. While it’s not sufficient to prove the counterfactual, each is an example that contradicts the idea that a currency derives its value as a function of government.”

Bitcoin Cannot be Banned – Parker Lewis

In fact, it posits that bitcoin works so well that it will threaten the incumbent government-run monopolies on money in which case governments will regulate it out of existence to eliminate the threat. Think about the claim that governments will ban bitcoin as conditional logic. Is bitcoin functional as money? If not, governments have nothing to ban. If yes, then governments will attempt to ban bitcoin.

Unit 3: Bitcoin History and Philosophy

Honestly, I didn’t find Unit 3 very interesting. It was full of a lot of history and details that are rather dry reading to me at the moment. While it probably provides useful history, it’s just not very exciting and isn’t completely necessary to understand Bitcoin. 

Unit 4: Bitcoin Technology


Under the fiat monetary system, the cost of currency issuance is close to zero, which is very profitable for the national issuers, as there is no longer any limit on the quantity of money that can be created, further shrinking the value of the existing currency in circulation, and annihilating the purchasing power of the currency holders — people like you and me.

Unit 5: Bitcoin in Practice

Unit 5 is relatively short compared to the other units. It is a lot more practical. Here is how Saylor Academy describes unit 5. 

“Now that you have some base awareness of Bitcoin, we will cover basic instruction on putting Bitcoin into practice in this unit. This includes acquiring Bitcoin, using a Bitcoin wallet and the Lightning Network, privacy and security practices, and avoiding common pitfalls, scams, and mistakes.”

This is probably a very useful unit for people who don’t have a lot of familiarity with how Bitcoin works. 

Bitcoin Vs. Cryptocurrencies

Bitcoin – Yes as much as you are willing to go to $0. Expect it to fall at least 50%-80% after you buy it. 

All other Cryptocurrencies and NFT’s – Proceed with EXTREME caution (likely scams). Honestly, probably just don’t buy it. 

For an in depth article about Bitcoin vs. All other Crypto I recommend reading the Fidelity Bitcoin First paper. 

Since I’ve started to post about Bitcoin a little, I wanted to make my stance very clear. Bitcoin, while it has potential to cause disruption to payments and fiat currencies, it is still a speculative asset. I personally have a higher than average income and net worth and as such I am willing to risk a small amount of money on speculative assets that I think have a high return potential. Even as such, I am only betting a very small amount of my assets on Bitcoin specifically. For most finances, savings, investing, I still recommend an asset allocation across index funds as advocated by these people.

The Crazy Man in the Pink Wig

JL Collins

Mr. Money Mustache

If you need more recommendations about what books to read about financial independence and investing for low fees please ask. 

Back to Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies.

As I said, bitcoin is quite speculative, but most other cryptocurrencies are even more so. Most crypto currencies are thinly disguised, unregulated securities. In this case a security is something like a stock, where it’s like owning a part of a company. Read more here

Most cryptocurrencies are controlled by a small number of initial developers. Those developers also award themselves some of their cryptocurrency before they allow others to buy them, giving themselves an advantage to “get the crypto while it’s cheap/free”.

Bitcoin is different. Bitcoin is decentralized. No one got a bunch of bitcoin at the start. It is being mined everyday. No one controls Bitcoin. No one person can change Bitcoin. That is what makes Bitcoin very different from 99% of the other cryptocurrencies out there.

Another technology that is getting a lot of press is NFT’s. NFT = Non-Fungible Tokens. 

“NFTs are individual tokens with valuable information stored in them. Because they hold a value primarily set by the market and demand, they can be bought and sold just like other physical types of art. NFTs’ unique data makes it easy to verify and validate their ownership and the transfer of tokens between owners.” – SimpliLearn

Most NFT’s are either a picture of a GIF. Usually you are literally able to take a screenshot to make a copy or just right click to save. While there may be some minor value in these in general I would just advise beginners to stay far far away from NFT’s. 

In conclusion, do a bunch of research yourself before getting into cryptocurrencies.

Only buy as much as you are willing to lose/have to go to $0. 

This is the same advice as any investment.